Romania is situated in South East Europe. Of its overall surface a third is covered by the Carpathian Mountains, a third by hills and plateaux and a third by plains. The mountains are covered with woods and meadows, and in the plains there are steppes. There is a great variety of flora and fauna. There are many rare species: pelicans, bustards, chamois and mountain cocks.
Romania is rich in natural resources, iron, magnesium, zinc, copper, aluminium, silver, gold, uranium, coal, petroleum, methane gas and salt. Marble, granite and grit stone are quarried.
The Danube, Romania's most important river, flows south, discharging its waters into the Black Sea through the Danube Delta. The Black Sea coastline has many resorts and health spas.
Many Romanians farm and the larger farms grow sunflowers, wheat, maize and sugar beet.
National costumes, specific to more than 30 regions, are still worn at religious festivals, weddings and other special occasions. Folk music is usually played on panpipes, violin, zither and clarinet.
The democratic government elected in 1996 has made great efforts to integrate Romania into the European community. The Romanian people have never lost their hope in the future of their country.
Women's World Day of Prayer is celebrated in three languages: Romanian, Hungarian and German.
page last updated 31 JANUARY 2002